Rome and the Vatican City - 05 by Andrea Mazzocchetti
The Vatican City, officially Vatican City State, also commonly referred to as simply the Vatican, is an independent city-state of Europe. It is the smallest sovereign state in the world both by population (605 inhabitants) and by territorial extension (0.44 km²), but the latter at the same time places the State in third place in the world by population density.
The Vatican City State was born on 11 February 1929 following the signing of the Lateran Pacts between Benito Mussolini and Pietro Gasparri, respectively representatives of the Kingdom of Italy and the Holy See. The Vatican City is an enclave in the territory of the Italian Republic inserted in the urban fabric of the city of Rome. In the state there is a regime of absolute theocratic elective monarchy of patrimonial type, headed by the pope of the Catholic Church. The official language is Italian, while Latin is the official language of the Holy See.
The Vatican City State beats its own currency, but, as a result of the customs and monetary union with Italy, adopts the euro, which in the eight denominations of the coins show the effigy of the reigning pope on the national side. vaticans, and emits its own stamps, usable for the postal service to the whole world (but obviously only with shipping from the Vatican Post). Important commemorative series of coins and stamps much sought after by numismatists and philatelists from around the world. The Vatican also publishes a daily newspaper, L'Osservatore Romano, founded in 1861, and since 1931 a radio station has been operating, the Vatican Radio, which broadcasts all over the world in various languages.
June 28th, 2018
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