Eilean Donan is a small island in Loch Duich, in the western Highlands of Scotland.
On this island rises the famous Eilean Donan castle. The castle was first built in 1220 by Alexander II of Scotland as a bulwark against Viking raids, and is said to have been one of Robert Bruce's shelters during his flight from British soldiers. From the end of the 13th century it became the home of the Mackenzie clan of Kintail (later the Counts of Seaforth). From 1511 the Clan MacRae, as protectors of the Mackenzie, became connestable of the castle.
In 1719 the castle was occupied by Spanish troops intent on giving birth to a new Jacobite uprising. The castle was however reconquered and demolished by the cannonade of three Royal Navy frigates between 10 and 13 May 1719. Subsequently, the Spanish troops occupying the castle were defeated about a month later at the Battle of Glen Shiel.
The castle was left in ruin for almost two centuries and then rebuilt and restored between 1912 and 1932 by Lieutenant Colonel John MacRae-Gilstrap who had acquired it as a descendant of the MacRae clan that had once been its owner. Among the most relevant works dating back to this period is the construction of an arched bridge to allow easier access to the fortress.
August 31st, 2018
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