The Cinque Terre is a jagged stretch of coast of the Eastern Ligurian Riviera (Riviera spezzina) located in the province of La Spezia between Punta Mesco and Punta di Montenero, in which there are five villages or, as we once said, lands, here listed from west to east: Monterosso al Mare, Vernazza, Corniglia, Manarola, Riomaggiore.
The whole area consists of a narrow strip of land between the sea and the ridge that separates it from behind Val di Vara and the Gulf of La Spezia, with secondary ridges that extend up to Punta Mesco, delimiting it from the area of the Gulf of Levanto .
The mountainous areas of the area, which run parallel to the coast, although varying between modest altitudes such as Monte Malpertuso (815 meters above sea level) or Monte Vè (486 meters above sea level) and despite the short distance from the sea, determine an accentuated alliance the territory. The internal morphology of the area is characterized by secondary reliefs - which present perpendicular or oblique directions with respect to the coastline - and by the famous terraces.
The coastline is bordered on the western side by the promontory of Punta Mesco and develops in a fairly linear manner, presenting numerous small irregularities such as inlets, heads and headlands up to Portovenere. The coast is mostly rocky and steep, in many cases reaching almost vertical sea. The sandy and pebbly beaches are located near Monterosso (Fegina beach and old Monterosso), Corniglia (Guvano beach and Corniglia beach), Riomaggiore.
The territory of the Cinque Terre has a hydrographic network characterized by torrential waterways, with maximum capacity in the rainy periods of autumn and spring, and minimum during the summer, but the watersheds are, in principle, very extensible. limited given the proximity of the mountain ranges to the coast. The interventions of transformation of the territory over the centuries by man, with the construction of terraces for the cultivation of vines and olive trees and dry stone walls, have assumed a significant role in water regulation also in relation to the artificial canalization of the same.
November 26th, 2018
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